Cold Weather Safety Tips
- Keep flammable materials, such as newspapers or clothing, away from portable heaters.
- Make sure your smoke and carbon monoxide detectors are working properly, especially before you go to sleep.
- Be extra careful with kerosene heaters! Make sure the room is well ventilated. These heaters give off toxic fumes that can make you sick or even kill you.
- Never use a charcoal grill to warm your house.
- Take appropriate measures to protect delicate plants from the cold temperatures.
- Make routine checkups on the elderly. Make sure their furnaces are working and heating the house properly.
- Make sure outdoor pets have warm and dry shelter with sufficient food and unfrozen water.
- Wear several layers of clothing to keep you warm outdoors. A hat is also important since 20 percent of body heat escapes through the head.
- Since cold weather strains the heart, refrain from engaging in heavy physical activity or you may be risking a heart attack.
- The air temperature does not have to be below freezing for someone to experience cold emergencies such as hypothermia and frostbite. Wind speed can create dangerously cold conditions even when the temperature is not that low. Dress warmly in loose-fitting, layered, light-weight clothing. Outer garments should be tightly woven and water repellent. Wear a hat. Protect your face and cover your mouth to protect your lungs from the cold air. Wear mittens instead of gloves — they allow your fingers to move freely in contact with one another and will keep your hands much warmer.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages. Alcohol causes the body to lose heat more rapidly — even though one may feel warmer after drinking alcoholic beverages.
A HARD (KILLING) FREEZE describes when temperatures are below 28 degrees for several hours.
- Prevent your water pipes from freezing or bursting with thermal wrapping material.
- Flow water through outdoor pipes or allow a slow drip to protect them from the cold temperatures.